PINGGAN MANGKUK MELAMINE BAHAYA?

Posted: September 26, 2008 in Isu
melamine banned!!

melamine banned!!

Kebanyakan pinggan plastic di Malaysia dibuat daripada MELAMINE yang mengandungi urea formaldehyde‘ dan sangat berbahaya kepada kesihatan. Urea Formaldehyde adalah sejenis bahan yang biasanya digunakan untuk membuat bekas barangan electric dan ‘insulation’ wayar electrik. Bahan ini amat berbahaya jika memasuki badan manusia. Ia boleh menyebabkan masalah sistem penghadaman, masalah pernafasan, batu karang, kegagalan buah pinggang, cancer pundi kencing dan kerosakan sistem pembiakan.


Kebanyakan restoran-restoran di Malaysia juga menggunakan pinggan jenis ini kerana ia tidak mudah pecah dan kelihatan cantik seperti pinggan ceramic. Mudah sahaja untuk mengenali pinggan mangkuk yang diperbuat daripada melamine. Pada kebiasaanya di bawah pinggan ini tertulis MELAMINE. Tetapi pinggan-pinggan melamine yang di buat di Thailand  atau China selalunya tidak menulis perkataan ini di pinggan tersebut. Mangkuk pinggan melamine dari Thailand adalah jenis paling berbahaya disebabkan bahan kimia yang terdapat dalam pinggan mangkuk tersebut sangat mudah ‘leech out’ ke dalam makanan kita, terutamanya jika makanan itu panas. Oleh itu elakkan semua pinggan mangkuk plastik yg kelihatan berkilat seperti seramik, kerana ia kemungkinan besar adalah melamine.


Selain itu, bahan MELAMINE ini juga boleh bertindak-balas dengan bahan makanan dan membentuk racun yang lebih berbahaya, iaitu
melamine cyanurate. Bahan ini akan membentuk crystal seperti kaca yang boleh merosakkan salur darah dan buah pinggang.


Baru-baru ini kecoh berita tentang pencemaran melamine di dalam susu kanak-kanak. Kira-kira 15 bayi telah mati  dan beratus-ratus sakit buah pinggang di China disebabkan oleh bahan ini. Pada tahun 2007 juga, telah kecoh di Amerika Syarikat kerana bahan melamine yang mencemarkan makanan haiwan peliharaan telah membunuh beratus-ratus binatang peliharaan. Ini adalah bahan yang SAMA digunakan di dalam pembuatan pinggan melamine.


Pinggan-mangkuk melamine ini banyak dijual di pasaraya di Malaysia termasuk di TESCO, GIANT, MYDIN, CARREFOUR dan byk lagi. Untuk keselamatan, gunalah pinggan yg dibuat dari kaca atau seramik kerana bahan ini adalah sangat ‘stable’ dan tidak beracun.


Banyak kerajaan di Eropah, New Zealand, kerajaan Amerika Syarikat, dan juga kerajaan UAE telah mengharamkan semua mangkuk pinggan yang diperbuat daripada melamine.

Melamine plates a health hazard

Gulf News Report

Published: May 14, 2007, 00:00



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Dubai: Beware of eating in cheap melamine dining plates as they contain substance harmful to health, warns Dubai Municipality.

“We have issued official circular banning import and sale of some cheap melamine plate and cups containing urea formaldehyde, a substance which is hazardous to health,” said Salah Amiri, Director of Municipality’s Dubai Central Laboratory.

He said the civic body has also launched a campaign to confiscate melamine tableware, which contains urea formaldehyde and does not comply with the UAE standards and specification.

He said that urea formaldehyde, which is commonly used in making casing of electrical appliances and also insulation material, is an acidic foaming agent and is not suitable for public health. It can harm the human digestive system and create respiratory problems.

Inspections

The decision to ban the cheap melamine tableware has been taken after a survey and laboratory tests conducted by the Food and Environment Laboratory. The analysts found that the banned material used in the plate mixes with food and it can be harmful for health.

“During the tests, we found that some melamine tableware are made of the dangerous substance called urea formaldehyde which is identical to melamine formaldehyde, that is used to make ‘real’ melamine plates,” he said.

Khalid Sharif, Assistant Director of Public Health Department and Head of Food Control Section said that it was very difficult to differentiate between the real melamine and fake melamine plates, as their physical appearance is same.

“That is why, our inspectors will conduct inspections of shops selling such plates to confiscate them. Also, we are informing importers to get certification from the municipality before marketing them to ensure that they are importing the right material,” he said.

Sharif said that they would also inform restaurants to stop using the banned melamine plate.

He said the melamine dishes are selling fast in the local market because they are cheap, come in attractive colours and do not break on impact.

Plastic bags and plates may be banned too

Plastic bags and disposable plastic plates are next on the list of items likely to be banned as part of Dubai Municipality’s campaign to regularise the use of food packaging material to ensure public health, said a senior official.

“We have already banned use of disposable plastic cups for hot beverages and are now working on regularising the use of disposable plastic plates and also polythene bags, which are hazardous for public health,” said Khalid Sharif, assistant director for Public Health and head of Food Control Section at the Municipality.

He said that municipality is currently conducting tests and it would announce the classification of different polythene bags for different use. “Some bags which are non-degradable would also be completely banned while some will be used for packaging certain non-food items,” he said.

Have your say
After reading this report, will you stop eating on cheap melamine dinning plates? Do you think the ban on potentially hazardous food materials will help ensure public health? What more needs to be done?

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